# Hackerrank - Minimum Distances Solution

We define the distance between two array values as the number of indices between the two values. Given , find the minimum distance between any pair of equal elements in the array. If no such value exists, print .

For example, if , there are two matching pairs of values: . The indices of the 's are  and , so their distance is . The indices of the 's are  and , so their distance is .

Function Description

Complete the minimumDistances function in the editor below. It should return the minimum distance between any two matching elements.

minimumDistances has the following parameter(s):

• a: an array of integers

Input Format

The first line contains an integer , the size of array .
The second line contains  space-separated integers .

Constraints

Output Format

Print a single integer denoting the minimum  in . If no such value exists, print .

Sample Input

6
7 1 3 4 1 7


Sample Output

3


Explanation
Here, we have two options:

• and  are both , so .
• and  are both , so .

### Solution in Python

from collections import defaultdict

def minimumDistances(a):
d = defaultdict(list)
for k,v in enumerate(a):
d[v].append(k)
md = 0
for v in d.values():
if not len(v)>1:
continue
if not md:
md = v[1]-v[0]
for i in range(len(v)-1):
dif = v[i+1]-v[i]
if dif<md:
md = dif
return md or -1

n = int(input())
a = list(map(int,input().split()))
print(minimumDistances(a))